Most people believe that only diabetics have high blood sugar levels. This is not true! Anyone may suffer from this condition without noticing the damage it causes to organs, blood vessels, and nerves.
It is highly important to recognize these alarming symptoms as early as possible and take appropriate actions in order to prevent complications or other new health problems.
You need to keep in mind that some of these symptoms have a rapid onset, while others require a longer period of high blood sugar to set in.
Also, sensitivity to the effects differs from one individual to another, as some people feel symptoms sooner or stronger than others. However, every sign or symptom has a biological explanation or a specific cause that you need to be aware of.
Here are the 10 alarming signs of sugar overload you need to know
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1. Constant Hunger
High blood sugar restricts glucose from reaching your cells, thus your body doesn’t get the needed energy for proper functioning and keeps asking for food, and the whole process occurs again and again. It’s actually a vicious circle that results in poor health and nutrition.
For example, people with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance, meaning that their body can’t use insulin correctly to help the glucose get into the cells.
Insulin won’t also work well in fat, muscle, and other tissues, so your pancreas (the one that produces insulin) begins to make so much more to try and compensate. This leads to high insulin levels in the body, which send signals to the brain that your body is hungry.
2. Increased Fatigue
If you haven’t started your day yet but you already feel tired, then something must be wrong with your health. A healthy body would wake up with high energy levels that may only start to decrease late in the evening or in the case of poor nutrition.
Your body is unable to absorb and store glucose properly when your blood sugar level is high. This leads your energy levels to lower and be poorly used, meaning that your body cells don’t receive the energy they need. All of this results in that unexplainable and frequent feeling of tiredness.
You should seriously pay more attention to your food choices and lifestyle when it comes to your nutritional health. Drink plenty of water and get enough sleep. Also, you may want to check the latest medical articles every now and then for new methods of treatment and prevention.
3. Frequent Urination
At a high blood sugar level, your kidneys find it hard to reabsorb liquid and react by flushing glucose out of the blood through urine. So your body tries to balance the glucose concentration in your blood and cells by dissolving blood into the intracellular fluid, thus making the glucose concentration normal again. This entire process results in more urine production and the need to urinate more frequently.
If you notice that you have to urinate more often than usual, including probably the need to get up every couple of hours during the night to go to the bathroom, and you seem to be producing more urine when you do go, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible and ask about whether you could have type 2 diabetes.
4. Dry Mouth and Excessive Thirst
A dry mouth and excessive thirst occur due to severe loss of fluids in your body. The hypothalamus, which monitors the dehydration level, sends a signal to your brain to alert of decreasing hydration levels, promoting thirst.
Lowering blood sugar levels can have an immense impact on developing a dry mouth. Fortunately, it can be typically manageable.
You can lower your blood sugar through making some lifestyle changes, such as eating high-fiber and low-sugar foods and drinks, having a healthy diet that’s high in protein and fat, taking your meds as prescribed, and monitoring your glucose on a regular basis.
Also, make sure to drink enough water every day and opt for water or sugarless tea to ease thirst and boost your health promotion.
5. Infectious Diseases
Yeast infections and urinary tract infections can occur to anyone. However, they are often found in women who suffer from diabetes and high blood sugar levels. Having large amounts of sugar inside your body creates a beneficial environment for the reproduction of bacteria and yeasts.
Bacteria thrive when blood sugar levels are high. For instance, women with type 2 diabetes may be more prone to vaginal infections, according to studies published in various health pages.
Moreover, foot infections are also common because elevated blood sugar levels can damage the foot’s blood vessels, nerves, and skin.
6. Dry Skin
Have your skin become so dry and creams don’t seem to work anymore? It can be a sign that you have too much sugar underneath it. In fact, dry skin can be linked to high blood sugar levels in many ways.
Excessive urination dehydrates the body to the extent that your skin becomes dry, damaged nerves can mess up the regular function of the sweat glands and affect your skin-water balance, or leg skin issues due to atherosclerosis (narrowing and hardening of the arteries along with a decreased blood circulation), a disease that occurs in diabetics the most.
7. Concentrating Difficulties
If you find it hard to focus, retain information, or remember recent events, you may want to reduce your sugar intake. High sugar levels restrict glucose from reaching your brain cells, thus your brain finds it difficult to obtain energy in order to function properly. This can have a negative impact on the speed of your thinking and decision-making.
In fact, your brain consumes 25% of the glucose you ingest, and when your brain cells find it hard to get the power they need, they eventually function poorly. This leads to issues with reasoning, thinking, remembering, and staying focused on tasks.
8. Blurred Vision
A dehydration effect due to high blood sugar can also cause blurred vision and may affect the cells of the eye. This leads the eye to lose its ability to focus properly.
The lens of the eye is a flexible membrane held by muscles, which adjust the shape of the lens in order to focus the eye. So in a high-sugar environment, the lens’s ability to concentrate is disturbed. Even though the lens is not damaged, the eye muscles have to work harder to focus.
In most cases, blurred vision occurs when there is a rapid change in blood sugar, whether from high to low or low to high, and the eye muscles haven’t yet adapted to it. This is one of the early alarming signs of type 2 diabetes. However, your body adapts to the sugar levels later and your vision will go back to normal.
9. Slow Healing of Cuts and Wounds
Slow healing of cuts and wounds occurs due to high blood sugar levels that caused vascular damage. This leads to a poor blood circulation, particularly in limbs, and damaged tissues due to decreased nutritional health.
High blood sugar levels can significantly slow the healing process of skin and soft-tissue infections, leading to some of the worst diabetes complications, such as severe infections which cause tissue damage that leads to amputation.
People with high blood sugar tend to be more irritable and anxious, and are prone to depression, according to studies found around the best health pages. In fact, your brain needs a balanced supply of glucose, so sharp spikes on its level can negatively affect its performance. This leads to sudden worse mood changes.
Sugar can also affect the absorption of chromium, another nutrient responsible for your mood and is essential for maintaining a stable level of blood sugar. Moreover, insulin cannot work properly without chromium, which means it won’t be able to clean glucose from the blood.
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