Osteopenia is a health condition characterized by a gradual decrease in the bone mass, which makes bones weaker. The most serious thing is that if osteopenia is not detected and treated correctly, it can progress quickly to osteoporosis.
So that you don’t have to go through this, we have prepared a list of 7 worrying signs that will show you that your bones may be too thin and weak. While keeping in mind that you need to take good care of your bone health, read on ahead!
1. You had multiple severe fractures in the past
Have you had many bone fractures in the past two years? We are talking about normal things, like a simple fall with an extremely serious bone fracture. For example, accidentally falling on the street and breaking a foot or a leg. This is one of the signs your bones are thinning or that you have weak bones.
In this situation, it is essential that you have knowledge about your family’s medical history and whether or not there have been any cases of osteoporosis. If you find that there are similar reports of falls, fractures or other bone problems, chances are that you may also have it too.
Therefore, it is essential that you visit a doctor to assess your bone density. This test is known as bone densitometry, does not cause pain, is similar to an x-ray, and assesses the amount of calcium and other minerals in each bone segment of the body.
2. You’re thin
A frail or thin person is more likely to develop bone problems since their bones are not as built as those of a fit person. Some people even get hurt when going up and downstairs because their bones cannot withstand the movement and shock of their joints, for example.
The bone mass of a normal person reaches its peak of growth at around 25 years of age, and it is between 35 and 40 years of age that bone loss begins to occur.
To counter this problem, you should adopt a healthy diet with foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, and do high-impact exercise in order to increase strength and develop strong bones.
3. You have a chronic or autoimmune disease
If so, it is very likely that your bones will become weaker and more worn out with each passing day. Taking medications such as cortisone, prednisone or other corticosteroids directly interferes with hormones and impairs the absorption of calcium, vitamin D and other minerals by the bones.
Corticosteroids make people with autoimmune diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, PAF, rheumatoid arthritis, among other chronic diseases, more likely to develop joint pain or joint inflammation, among other signs of osteoporosis when compared to other people. And in the case of women, it is even worse.
It affects women more:
What causes bone loss in women? Osteopenia is more common in women who are postmenopausal (it also affects men, especially those over 60 years old) and this is because, as they get older, their bones become more porous. In addition, there is a clear decrease in estrogen levels, which impairs calcium absorption by the bones.
In this particular situation, and in order to reduce the risk of bone thinning, doctors advise taking bisphosphonates to address this problem. So, talk to yours to see if this solution can be applied to you without compromising your health problem.
4. You’re a smoker
Everyone knows that nicotine addiction is a poison that destroys people’s health – and we don’t want to give anyone moral lessons or point the finger at any smoker. But, the truth is that the cigarettes that you smoke also end up weakening and wearing out your bones, considerably increasing your chances of suffering from osteoporosis.
So that this does not become a problem in the future and even to increase your quality of life in the present, it is important that you stop smoking. Your body will start to function better and this will be visible in the health of your bones.
5. You drink too much alcohol
Alcohol intake causes the weakening of bones, since it has the ability to filter calcium, magnesium and other minerals that are important to your bones. And if you drink too much alcohol, your bones are more likely to get thinner and weaker.
There are health experts who recommend drinking just one glass of wine with a meal, and whoever drinks more than this should reduce it. But, we believe that you need to be radical about alcohol and that you should not drink anything. After all, do you want to be treated 100% or just 80%?
6. You’re lactose intolerant
Everyone knows that the properties found in milk, namely vitamin D, are good for the bones and contribute to the formation of a good bone structure. But what really happens to the people who are lactose intolerant? Are they bound to have bone problems? Or do they have to suffer from osteoporosis? Not necessarily.
If this is the case for you, that is, if you suffer from lactose intolerance, you should look for soy milk or rice enriched with calcium, vitamin D, and other milk minerals so that your bones remain healthy. You can also take dietary supplements that contain calcium, magnesium and vitamin D for greater bone strengthening and protection.
7. You have an eating disorder
The existence of any eating disorder affects the hormones and the production of the estrogens necessary for the proper functioning of the body. And if estrogen levels drop significantly, you may experience various health complications, such as headaches, irregular menstruation, general malaise, joint problems, and bone weakness, among other consequences.
If you have already suffered from anorexia or ate unhealthy food, among other types of binge eating, it is necessary to consult your doctor so that they can help you to treat this eating disorder. Your doctor will show you that there are certain food options and some supplements that may suit your tastes and that are not a danger to your bone health.
These are the most worrying signs that tell you that your bones may be too thin and weak. Don’t let your bone problems go too far, especially if you’re a middle-aged person. Protect the health of your bones today so that tomorrow they may support you!