Last Updated on September 27, 2020
Are you concerned about the quality of your drinking water, or do you want better tasting water from your tap?
Many people who are worried about the safety of their tap water resort to water filter systems in order to enhance water taste and quality. But does your water really need to be purified?
First, you should consider whether you actually need a water purification system in your home. According to the EPA (Environment Protection Agency), more than 90% of the water supply in the US is safe to drink from the tap.
Yet, there are people who may need a water purification system for health safety reasons. In this little guide, you’ll find complete information about these purification systems as well as their benefits and why some individuals need them more than others.
#1 – Who Needs Water Purification
Systems and Why?
To improve water quality in their homes and protect their health, some people need to consider a water purification system, including those who suffer from:
• A high level of a contaminant in their water, like radon found in water from a well.
• A high level of lead in their water, which can be detected by water testing.
• An extremely weakened immune system, including those who are on chemotherapy or have HIV.
Water purification systems can help to get rid of contaminants that can harm your health or affect the feel or taste of your drinking water. Water filter systems can eliminate:
• Byproducts of the disinfection process
• Microbes, including bacteria and viruses
• Parasites, such as giardia and cryptosporidium
#2 – Water Filter Options
When deciding on a water filter system, there are many key factors you should consider. To start, you’ll need to look for a water purification or filter system that has been certified to meet EPA standards of water, and of course, the one that meets your specific needs as well.
You need to know that not every system is able to eliminate all contaminants. This means that, if you’re concerned about a specific contaminant, such as radon or bacteria, you should eventually get the water filter system that works best at eliminating that exact contaminant from your water supply in your home.
A water purification system can be either point of use POU or point of entry POE.
POU means that the system filters the water at the specific faucet it’s attached to, while POE is in which the water supply is filtered on its way to your home so that you have purified water at all faucets.
The system may include a piece of material that traps contaminants, such as microbes and chemicals, in the water. It might also eliminate or destroy contaminants in another way.
What are the POU and POE water filter options?
#3 – Point-of-entry (POE) Water Filter Options
Water Softeners. A water softener corrects water ‘hardness’ by using an exchange system. Tap water contains magnesium and calcium, which are responsible for making the water very hard. How does it soften the water? This type of water filters uses potassium or sodium ions to replace the magnesium and calcium ions, making the water softer.
Aerators. These water filter tools use jets of air to eliminate some chemicals, such as radon, as well as chemical components of gasoline.
Adsorptive Media or Water Filtration. These two filtering systems are often carbon-based. They trap both liquids and solids in the filter’s material.
#4 – Point-of-use (POU) Water Filter Options
Distillers. These devices use boiling to destroy the contaminant-containing water vapor from the drinking water. This water filtration method eliminates many of the naturally-occurring minerals in water but might change the taste of water.
Reverse Osmosis Units. These ones filter water via a membrane, using the pressure that removes microbes and chemicals. Although these filter systems use plenty of water, they do get rid of all microbes that cause disease as well as so many chemicals. This is regarded as a very effective system for purifying water.
Filtered Water Pitchers. These pitchers come with a replaceable filter that you usually need to change every 3 months and that traps chemicals and contaminants. You just fill the pitcher with water from your tap and wait while it flows through the filter. This option is easy to use and also affordable, moreover, it will enhance the taste of tap water.
#5 – Water Filter Alternatives
In case you’re not ready to purchase a water purification system, here are some alternatives to help you solve some, but not all, drinking water problems without having to use a water filter.
• When you turn on the water tap for the first time in a couple of hours, try to turn the cold water and allow it to run for a few minutes. This can help get the lead out of the tap water.
• Boil tap water for three minutes, place it into a clean pitcher and put it in the refrigerator. This can destroy microbes, such as cryptosporidium.
• Place tap water in a pitcher and refrigerate it. This should enhance the taste of extremely chlorinated water.
Once you detect the specific issues with your drinking water, you can look for the best system to improve your water quality and keep your family safe and healthy.