Everyone should learn first aid techniques because there’s nothing more uncertain than the future, accidents can happen any time anywhere.
But following common advice can make things worse and you might end up killing someone instead of saving his or her life. Therefore, to help an injured person, you need to have enough knowledge of how to do it properly depending on their case.
#10 – Applying a tourniquet immediately in case of severe bleeding
First, you need to secure the nearest artery to the wound in order to stop the bleeding. Then you should use sterile wipes to apply a compressive bandage. Deep wounds, however, should be stuffed with wipes and fixed with a bandaged tampon.
Keep in mind that a tourniquet can only be used if it’s an emergency. In this case, it should be applied to the skin on top of the wound, plus, it’s important to loosen it for about 15 minutes every hour while pressing the artery, and then, it should be tightened one more time for no more than half an hour.
#9 – Tilting the head back in case of a nosebleed
When dealing with a nosebleed, it’s best to sit down with the head slightly tipped forward to let the blood flow, then, use your fingers to put a little pressure on the soft part of the nose for up to 10 minutes. Not that the person must spit out the blood to avoid vomiting.
Also, cotton pads and tampons should be avoided unless the bleeding continues for more than 15 minutes. In this case, you need to call a doctor right away.
#8 – Rubbing with snow, oil, or Vaseline in case of hypothermia
This common mistake causes the body temperature to rise quickly, which is bad. The first thing you should do is place the person in a warm room and cover his or her frozen body parts. Make sure the person is wearing dry clothes and well wrapped in warm blankets and don’t forget to give them a hot meal and sweet drink.
Note that hypothermia should never ever be treated with alcohol because the expanded blood vessels lead to heat loss.
#7 – Performing the same actions for people of different ages in case of cardiac arrest
To perform an indirect heart massage for adults, you need to use both of your hands with the thumb facing the person’s legs or chin and the base of the palm pressing on the chest. For teenagers, the same actions should be performed but using the whole palm this time.
And lastly, for babies, you should use only 2 fingers to do the massage. Note that the person must be placed on a flat and solid surface.
#6 – Removing clothes and piercing the burn bubbles in case of a burn
If someone is on fire, the best thing to do is making them lie down and extinguish the flame using nonflammable material. Then, call a doctor immediately.
If the burn seems mild and there’s no tissue damage, the skin should be rinsed with water for 20 minutes, then, apply a sterile bandage topped by ice or something cold. And finally, call a doctor. In case the skin is severely burned, offer the victim some mineral water or salt.
#5 -Trying to use the Heimlich maneuver while saving an unconscious person in case of airway obstruction
To help someone who’s fainted or choked, the right technique is to lay them down on the back and gently sit on their hips, press down with your hands on the costal arch, and then, if something is stuck in their mouth, put the person on one side and take the object out.
If the choking person is a kid, put them on your forearm with their head down, give them three back blows, and turn them upside down while grabbing their legs.
#4 – Trying to put a joint back in case of dislocation
Only an X-ray can reveal the kind of a dislocation, therefore, the only thing you can do to help is to restrict the person from moving their injured body part. It’s important to keep them it the same position and not try to bend or unbend the injured part.
Try to use some flat and narrow objects to immobilize the injured part and the closest joints. Do not apply bandages to the injured part and make sure to keep them a bit loose to ensure normal circulation.
#3 – Lack of water in case of poisoning
In case of poisoning, the stomach needs to be washed, and to do so, the affected person should drink between 10 and 20 glasses of water. After 2 glasses, the water should spill out. Then, use two fingers to press on the base of their tongue to induce vomiting. Repeat as many times as needed until the water becomes clear.
If the person is unconscious, gastric lavage should be avoided.
#2 – Sucking a snakebite
If someone got bitten by a snake, you should lay them down first to prevent the poison from spreading quickly. Next, you should restrict limb movement: press the injured arm to the body or fasten the affected leg to the other leg. In case the person is unconscious, they’ll need cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Note that, in this case, a tourniquet is not only useless but it can also cause necrosis.
#1 – Taking painkillers or antispasmodics in case of lower abdominal pain
Doctors advise against taking painkillers to relieve lower abdominal pain because by eliminating pain sensations, we can easily miss the signs of deadly diseases, like a perforated ulcer, bowel obstruction, or acute appendicitis.
If you experience severe pain in the abdominal area, you should seek medical attention immediately.
In case of an emergency, it’s best to call a rescuer or a doctor if you didn’t take first aid courses.
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